Prisonisation Culture

MQF Level: 7

ECTS Value: 5 ECTS

Self Study Hours: 60

Contact Hours: 25

Assessment Hours: 40

Duration: 10 sessions


Overall Objectives and Outcomes

This module will help the learners acquire knowledge about prisons in general and the local prison agency, Corrective Services Agency – CSA with special attention to the juvenile facility, the Centre of Residential Restorative Services – CoRRS formally known as YOURS. Learners will also gain knowledge about how one may be imprisoned and what it means living in a prison facility. Lectures will also focus on adjusting to prison life – the good, the bad and the ugly, and how inmates may be assisted during and after incarceration. Factors that may help rehabilitation, reintegration into society and reoffending will also be featured.

By the end of this programme, participants should be able to:


a. Evaluate the instances that a person may be imprisoned;

b. Analyse how the different layouts of prison facilities impact the prisonisation experience;

c. Analyse the different units that compose CSA and their respective roles;

d. Appreciate the prisoner’s rights, privileges and duties;

e. Promote the entities and NGO’s that work with prison inmates;

f. Analyse the variables that may affect the length of a prisoner’s sentence;

g. Reflect on the new trends of prison and penitentiaries.


a. Demonstrate a comprehensive understanding of how a person may be imprisoned and the alternatives;

b. Comprehend the physical layout of prison and reason behind it;

c. Recognise the different units at the CSA/CoRRS and how they operate;

d. Develop appreciation of what it means to adjust to life in prison;

e. Describe the different entities that help prisoners;

f. Outline the different ways that the length of an inmate’s sentence may be amended;

g. Demonstrate knowledge on the new trends in prisonisation.


a. Differentiate between preventive arrest and effective incarceration;

b. Assess the different layouts of prison facilities and their impact on inmates;

c. Critically analyse the importance of the different units of CSA;

d. Critically evaluate the importance of prisoner’s rights, privileges and duties;

e. Direct a prison inmate to different entities and NGO’s that work with them according to necessity;

f. Calculate the actual prison time that an inmate has to do according to the different variables after a sentence is given;

g. Critically review new trends of prison and penitentiaries.

Assessment Methods

This module will be assessed through: Assignment.

Suggested Readings

Core Reading List
  1. Cunneen, C., Baldry, E., Brown, D., Brown, M., Schwartz, M., & Steel, A. (2013;2016;). Penal culture and hyperincarceration: The revival of the prison. Routledge.
  2. Einat, T., & Davidian, M. (2019). ‘There is no sincerer love than the love of food’ (george bernard shaw, 1903): The meaning of food and its uses in prison subculture. European Journal of Criminology, 16(2), 127-146.
  3. De Claire, K., & Dixon, L. (2017). The effects of prison visits from family members on prisoners’ well-being, prison rule breaking, and recidivism: A review of research since 1991. Trauma, Violence & Abuse, 18(2), 185-199.
  4. Deflem, M. (2014). Punishment and incarceration: A global perspective. Emerald Publishing Limited.
  5. Johnson, R., Rocheleau, A. M., Martin, A. B., Cullen, F. T., & Liebling, A. (2017;2016;). Hard time: A fresh look at understanding and reforming the prison (4th ed.). Wiley.
  6. Kumar, P., Banshkar, A. K., Shekhar, S., & Rani, K. P. (2022). Prisoners are too ‘Victims’ of the criminal justice system. can they have an idea of ‘Fair access to justice’? Journal of Victimology and Victim Justice, 5(2), 166-180.
  7. Martin, C., Edgar, K., & O’Donnell, I. (2014;2003;). Prison violence: The dynamics of conflict, fear and power. Routledge.
  9. Mertanen, K., & Brunila, K. (2018). Prison break. education of young adults in closed prisons-building a bridge from prison to civil society? Education Inquiry, 9(2), 155-171.
  10. Trammell, R. (2012). Enforcing the convict code : Violence and prison culture. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  11. Wilson, D. (2014;2015;). Pain and retribution: A short history of British prisons 1066 to the present. Reaktion Books
Supplementary Reading List
  1. Aebi, M., & Tiago, M. (n.d.). Prisons and Prisoners in Europe 2020: Key Findings of the SPACE I report.
  2. (n.d.). Rights and Obligations of Prison Inmates.
  3. Cheng, V. S. (2019). Hypocrisy : The tales and realities of drug detainees in china. Hong Kong University Press
  4. mt. (n.d.). Subsidiary Legislation 260.03 prison regulations.
  5. Kicenski, K. (2013). Cashing in on crime : The drive to privatize california state prisons. Lynne Rienner Publishers.
  6. Okilwa, N., Khalifa, M., & Briscoe, F. (Eds.). (2017). The school to prison pipeline : The role of culture and discipline in school. Emerald Publishing Limited.
  7. Scalpello, M. (2022). Surviving in a small island state prison. Analysing prison officer support and assistance as narrated by people in prison. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 70, 100545.
  8. (2018). The Stanford Prison Experiment [YouTube Video]. In YouTube.
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