Pedagogy and Assessment of Science in the Primary Classroom

ECTS Value: 2 ECTS

Contact Hours: 10

Self Study Hours: 24

Assessment Hours: 16


Overall Objectives and Outcomes

The aim of this module is to provide a holistic view of science education in the primary curriculum, with a particular focus on inquiry-based science teaching and learning. Cross-curricular links with other subjects taught in the primary curriculum, as well as cross-curricular themes and 21st century skills, specified in the NCF, are also made.

By the end of this programme, participants should be able to:


a) Formulate an informed view on key pedagogical issues in science education;
b) Transfer knowledge on pedagogic practices concerning the teaching of science in the primary, to the particular school community.


a) Define the role of science education in the primary curriculum;
b) Plan and implement inquiry-based science activities.


a) Discuss the main pedagogical implications of inquiry-based learning to the learning of science at
primary level;
b) Design and implement inquiry-based science activities which integrate cross-curricular themes and create cross-curricular links with other subjects in the primary curriculum.


Assessment Methods

This module will be assessed through: Practical Assignment Tasks.

Suggested Readings

Core Reading List

1) Zerafa, I. & Gatt, S. (2014). Implementing a science curriculum reflecting an inquiry-based approach in the upper primary years. IPSE Journal 9(2), 13-26.
2) Crawford, B. A. (2009). Moving science as inquiry into the classroom: Research to practice [Powerpoint slides]. International Science Education Conference (ISEC 2009), Singapore.
3) Harlen, W. (2012). IBSE and how children learn [Powerpoint slides]. Retrieved from La main à la pâte:
4) Hanauer, D. I., Hatfull, G. F. & Jacobs-Sera, D. (2009). Conceptualising scientific inquiry. In, Active assessment: Assessing scientific inquiry, mentoring in academia and industry 2, 11-21. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-89649-6 2. Springer Publication.
5) Stiftung Haus der Kleinen Forscher (2013). Educational approach of the “Little Scientists” initiative. Educators’ guidebook: Ideas for educators in science, mathematics and technology. Malta Council for Science and Technology, Kalkara.
6) Pri-Sci-Net Inquiry-based learning activities, project website (
7) Ortlipp, M. (2008). Keeping and Using Reflective Journals in the Qualitative Research Process. The Qualitative Report, 13(4), 695-705. Retrieved from

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